DCSIMG

Status of International Human Rights Treaties

International Human Rights Charters and Declarations

United Nations Charter
New York City, New York. June 26, 1945.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
United Nations, New York. December 10, 1948

Charters of the Organization of American States
Bogota, Colombia. December 31, 1951

American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man
Bogota, Colombia. May 2, 1948

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe: Final Act (Helsinki Accord)
Helsinki, Finland. August 1, 1975.

Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief
New York, November 25, 1981

Human Rights Treaties and International Conventions

The United States is at present, or has been, Party to the following multilateral human rights related treaties (listed in date order):

Slavery Convention (or the Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery)
Date: September 25, 1926
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, March 2, 1929.

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
Date: December 9, 1948.
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, February 23, 1989.

Inter-American Convention on the Granting of Political Rights to Women
Date: May 2, 1948.
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, May 24, 1976.

Protocol Amending the Slavery Convention
Date: December 7, 1953.
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, March 7, 1956.

Convention on the Political Rights of Women
Date: March 31, 1953
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, July 7, 1976.

Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Date: September 7, 1956
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, December 6, 1967.

Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees
Date: January 31, 1967
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, November 1, 1968.

Abolition of Forced Labor Convention
Date: June 25, 1957.
U.S. Action: Ratified tand entered into force, September 25, 1991.

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Date: December 21, 1965.
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, November 20, 1994.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Date: December 16, 1966.
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, September 8, 1992.

International Convention against the Taking of Hostages
Date: December 17, 1979.
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, December 7, 1984.

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Date: December 10, 1984.
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, November 20, 1994.

Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict
Date: May 25, 2000
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, January 23, 2003.

Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography
Date: May 25, 2000
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, January 23, 2003.

Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor
Date: June 17, 1999
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, December 2, 1999.

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Protocol)
Date: November 15, 2000
U.S. Action: Ratified and entered into force, November 3, 2005.

The United States has signed but not ratified the following multilateral human rights treaties (listed in date order):

Convention on the Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages
Date: December 10, 1962
U.S. Action: The United States signed the convention, December 10, 1962.

International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights
Date: December 16, 1966
U.S. Action: The United States signed the convention, October 5, 1977.

American Convention on Human Rights
Date: November 22, 1969
U.S. Action: The United States signed the convention, June 1, 1977

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
Date: December 18, 1979
U.S. Action: The United States signed the convention, July 17, 1980.

Convention on the Rights of the Child
Date: November 20, 1989
U.S. Action: The United States signed the convention, February 16, 1995.

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Date: December 13, 2006
U.S. Action: The United States signed the convention, July 30, 2007.

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