International media report that violence may have resulted in the death of up to 10,000 people since December 15. On January 12, UNMISS reported that casualty figures in South Sudan will likely significantly exceed original estimates of more than 1,000 people killed.
As of January 10, violence had displaced approximately 352,000 people in South Sudan, with 60,000 currently seeking shelter at 10 UNMISS bases across the country, according to the U.N. Although an estimated 175,000 people—approximately 50 percent—have received some humanitarian assistance, the U.N. notes that relief agencies have not fully met humanitarian needs among assisted populations.
The U.N. reports that major newly reported concentrations of displaced people are in Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, and Unity states.
USAID/OFDA and USAID/FFP partner the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) launched a $57.8 million operation to provide emergency food assistance to approximately 400,000 newly displaced individuals in South Sudan on January 13.
HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SOUTH SUDAN IN FY 2013 AND FY 2014
|Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan||$318,385,491|
*These figures are current as of January 13, 2014
Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.
Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.
Related Resources on the Crisis in South Sudan
- Testimony: The Situation in South Sudan, U.S. Department of State – 01/09/2014
- National Security Advisor Rice on South Sudan – 01/09/2014
- Beginning of Direct Talks on South Sudan – 01/06/2014
- Additional Humanitarian Assistance for South Sudan – 01/03/2014
- NSC Spokesperson on South Sudan – 12/31/2013
- U.S. Calls for Immediate Mediated Political Talks in South Sudan – 12/26/2013
- Ambassador Power at the Security Council Stakeout, on South Sudan, Syria, and Central African Republic – 12/23/2013
- U.S. on the Current Situation in South Sudan – 12/23/2013
- Secretary Kerry on Violence in South Sudan – 12/20/2013
- President Obama on South Sudan – 12/19/2013
- Update on South Sudan – 12/18/2013
- Ambassador Power on the Struggle for Democracy – 12/10/2013