We are concerned about the potential effects of the new demonstrations law on peaceful assembly in Egypt. We share the view of Egyptian civil society representatives that this law, which imposes restrictions on Egyptians’ ability to assemble peacefully and express their views, does not meet international standards and will not move Egypt’s democratic transition forward. The United States wants Egypt’s transition to an inclusive democracy to succeed. We urge the interim government to respect individual rights and we urge that the new constitution protect such rights. While demonstrators have the responsibility to express their views peacefully, the government has a responsibility to protect the fundamental freedoms of the Egyptian people.